Topic 6: Cyberspace, Communications, and Information Networks

The topic addresses the management of cyberspace and the design, development, fielding, operations (including protection and assurance) of communications and information networks.

Paper 006

Abstract Title: An Iterative Blind Detection Algorithm for PSK Modulations
Point of Contact (POC): Nicholas Johnson
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: 619-553-2119, 850-572-0622
POC Organization: SPAWAR Systems Center
Country: USA
Authors: Nicholas Johnson, Michael Civerolo, Nicholas Lumsden

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Paper 020

Abstract Title: Accomplishments of the Networked Communications Capability Program Enabling More Robust Command and Control

Point of Contact (POC): Marius Vassiliou

POC Email Address:

POC Phone Number: 703-887-8189

POC Organization: Institute for Defense Analyses

Country: USA

Authors: Vassiliou, Marius, Institute for Defense Analyses
Shah, Syed, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering

Abstract: Command and Control (C2) depends crucially on a reliable and effective communications infrastructure. Despite the rapid advances in commercial mobile communication technologies, military establishments still face challenges that are unique, and unlikely to be fully addressed by the commercial sector. These include contested electromagnetic environments, adversary action, difficult terrain, multiple multihop heterogeneous networks, and mobile networks with no infrastructure. The five-year Networked Communications Capability Program (NCCP), led by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, and involving U.S. national laboratories, federally funded research and development centers, and universities, made important advances in the area of resilient, agile, and protected communications in difficult environments. For the tactical environment, it developed techniques and standards to improve server-less networking, routing, network management and disruption-tolerant networking. As an example, it demonstrated a robust Disruption-Tolerant Networking (DTN) proxy for Call for Fires (CFF), enabling reliable connectivity for CFF missions and significantly reducing the time it takes to obtain artillery support. The program also developed methods for dynamic spectrum management, analysis, and sharing. In one case, it achieved a doubling of the frequency reuse factor for the Soldier Radio Waveform. The program also developed net-centric network services and applications across different physical modalities, including persistent server-less chat, joint network common operating picture, tactical dynamic discovery, and delay-tolerant reliable voice-over-IP. In addition, it developed methods for integrating heterogeneous networks, and exploiting heterogeneity to improve robustness. It also created important building blocks and emulation capabilities. An example is EMANE, the Extendable Ad-Hoc Network Emulator for real-time modeling of mobile network systems. Finally, it united a community of interest and resulted in the establishment of important federated test-beds. In all, the NCCP advanced the underpinnings of reliable communications in difficult and contested environments needed to support effective C2.

Paper 031

Abstract Title: PISA: Platform Independent Sensor Application
Point of Contact (POC): Frank Johnsen
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: +47-63807960
POC Organization: Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI)
Country: Norway
Authors: Krog, Michael A. - University Graduate Centre (UNIK), Norway
Johnsen, Frank T. - Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI)
Bloebaum, Trude H. - Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI)
Brannsten, Marianne R. - Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI)
Reitan, Bård K. - Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI)

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Paper 051

Abstract Title: Building a Trusted and Agile Supply Chain Network for Electronic Hardware
Point of Contact (POC): Zachary A. Collier
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: 601-634-7570
POC Organization: US Army Engineer Research and Development Center
Country: USA
Authors: Zachary A. Collier, Daniel DiMase, Igor Linkov

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Paper 058

Abstract Title: Implementing Covert Communication Networks on Gunther-Hartnell Clique Graph Topologies
Point of Contact (POC): Timothy Nix
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: 845-938-3050
POC Organization: United States Military Academy
Country: USA
Authors: Timothy Nix and Riccardo Bettati

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Paper 065

Abstract Title: Instantiating the Global Maritime Partnership
Point of Contact (POC): Jennifer M. Pels
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: 619 553 2104
POC Organization: Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific
Country: USA
Authors: Captain George Galdorisi, (USN-retired), Ms. Amanda George, Mr. George Green, Dr. Stephanie Hszieh, Ms. Jennifer M. Pels

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Paper 074

Abstract Title: A framework to support the development of Cyber Resiliency with Situational Awareness Capability
Point of Contact (POC): EDGAR YANO
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: +5512981318779
POC Organization: ITA, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica
Country: Brazil
Authors: Yano, Edgar - ITA, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, Brazil
Abreu, Welton - ITA Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, Brazil
Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie - University of Skövde, Sweden
Gustavsson, Per - Combitech, Sweden / Swedish National Defence College / George Mason University, USA

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Paper 102

Abstract Title: Evaluating the use of Simulation to achieve better Results in Cyber Military Training
Point of Contact (POC): André Ferreira Alves Machado
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: 
POC Organization: Electronic Warfare Instruction Centre
Country: Brazil
Authors: André Ferreira Alves Machado, Flavio Augusto Coelho, Regueira Costa, Juliana Lucas de Rezende

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Paper 117

Abstract Title: Interoperabilty, Speaking the same language via tactical data link systems
Point of Contact (POC): Erdem HEKİMHAN
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: +905065008313
POC Organization: Turkish Air War College
Country: Turkey
Authors: Hekimhan, Erdem - Turkish Air War College
Ozkaynak, Savas - Turkish Air War College

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Paper 124

Abstract Title: Agile and Resilient C2 Cyber Network Architecture Trust Challenges

Point of Contact (POC): Jon Salwen

POC Email Address:

POC Phone Number: 781 225 5667

POC Organization: The MITRE Corporation

Country: United States of America

Authors: Salwen, Jon - MITRE

Ring, Steven - MITRE

Abstract: The current operational environment for Command and Control (C2) is highly dynamic, characterized by a constantly evolving mix of allies, threats (cyber and kinetic), objectives, and risks. Forces must adapt to changing conditions and requirements, while trusting key aspects to remain mission-effective by establishing agile and resilient network architectures. The agility of a C2 network architecture approach is characterized by its ability to perform, remain mission-effective and resilient in the face of both change and uncertainty across the cyber terrain.

Information technologies (IT) are recognized as a key enabler for the evolution of C2, and the trust of those technologies, yet it is challenging to analytically quantify and measure the related impacts on agility relative to a network architecture that is prone to cyber events.

Our paper specifies measurable behaviors and techniques that build upon theoretical agility and resiliency architecture principles to identify processes crucial to effective C2 missions and stability within the cyber terrain.

While there has been a considerable amount of research invested into the development of technical enablers (common networking standards, data exchange models, etc.); there has been comparatively less attention on what the concepts of agile and resilient architecture can mean relative to specific challenges. This is especially challenging when applied to an entire C2 network (social, information and communication) used by organizations tackling multi-dimensional crises. Recent cyber events have demonstrated that C2 network trust challenges cannot be easily resolved and that no single network architecture can provide that trust alone.

Paper 134* (NEW)

Abstract Title: Suitability of Free Space Optical Communication in Military Environments
Point of Contact (POC): Charles Prince
POC Email Address:
POC Phone Number: 831.656.2073
POC Organization: Naval Postgraduate School
Country: United States of America
Authors: Charles Prince

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